Texas A & M Should The Price On Water Be Raised Worldwide Essay This is just a draft, not the final essay. DRAFT is due in 12 hours. For this essay, you should have a specific audience in mind. Make sure you’re writing to that audience. Title of the essay is: Should the price on water be raised worldwide?You’ll introduce the issue, give the conversation surrounding the issue (the “they say”). Then you should give your thesis (your “I say”) toward the end of the introduction. Again, keep your audience in mind, you’re writing to them, so they need the background and conversation you’re responding to so that they know WHY you’re even writing to them.You should then lay out each of your reasons that support your thesis. Tie your reasons back to your thesis. Each of your reasons should also be supported by good, credible evidence. Remember to use credible sources to help bolster your evidence.At some point, you should also have an addressing the naysayer paragraph. For this section, you might be able to use one of the positions from your Exploratory Essay to address the naysayer. Then you’ll conclude your essay. Make sure you reiterate your thesis–your audience needs to be reminded about the purpose of your essay.And of course, you’ll have a Works Cited page at the end of your paper…and proper in-text citations wherever you used those sources. My previous essay and annotations are attached so you can pull material from there if needed. Must be 4-6 pages long. 4 pages is fine with me as long as it’s passing. The directions are attached. MLA Format, Times New Roman, 12 point font. Please use source citations correctly. My teacher is strict about it. 1
Annotated Bibliography: Should the price on water increase around the world?
Lam, Bourree. “Water: The Price is Wrong.” The Atlantic, 24 Mar. 2015,
www.theatlantic.com/business/archive/2015/03/finding-the-right-price-forwater/388246/. This article talks about the issues that are experienced when pricing water
in American households. This is due to the fact that commodities are priced based on
scarcity and in this case water is abundant. The information that is in this article is
credible since it uses trends in the manner that people use water in different areas of the
USA. The article is of great use since it will help in the process of creating ways through
which water can be conserved by devising a way that will be used to price it.
Layne, Rachel. “Water Costs Are Rising Across the U.S. — Here’s Why.” Live, Breaking News
Today: Latest National Headlines, World News and More from CBSNews.com and Watch
the CBSN Live News Stream 24×7, 27 Aug. 2019, www.cbsnews.com/news/water-billsrising-cost-of-water-creating-big-utility-bills-for-americans/. Layne asserts that water
bills in the US have been increasing with time and at a rate that is higher than inflation.
The article argues that there are several factors that are connected to the increase in price,
for instance, the increasing cost of repairing infrastructure and the threat that is posed by
climate change. The data that is used in the article is recent and hence the piece is
relevant, for instance, data from the year 2018 and 2019. The article is useful in finding
ways through which water prices can be reduced.
Luckmann, Jonas, et al. “Modelling Sectorally Differentiated Water Prices – Water Preservation
and Welfare Gains Through Price Reform?” Water Resources Management, vol. 30,
no. 7, 2016, pp. 2327-2342. The publication discusses the pricing or water in Israel. The
authors assert that water is a very scarce commodity in Israel and hence there is a need
for a system that is going to lead to efficiency in the manner that the commodity is
allocated. The debate is centered on two models marginal costing and price liberalization.
For the case of this article, it is relevant since it uses data on the cost and use of water to
arrive at a valid conclusion. That being the case, it means that the article can be used in
determining the pricing of water.
Lluma, Diego. “WATER: The challenge of conservation and reuse: How industries are applying
technology and conservation to reduce water consumption.” Latin Trade, vol. 26,
no. 3, Sept. 2018, pp. 1-4. This article explores the manner that petroleum companies and
mines in Latin America and the Caribbean are dealing with issues of scarcity of water.
For the mentioned companies, they have opted to invest in technologies that reduce the
amount of water that is used while at the same time ensuring that operations of the firms
are not affected. Also, there are other agricultural companies which have taken this trend.
This article is relevant since it draws its conclusions from verifiable events. Hence, it can
be used by other companies in the case they want to embrace the trend of water
Cain, Nicholas, and Peter Gleick. “The Global Water Crisis.” Issues in Science and
Technology, 2005, issues.org/realnumbers-18/. Cain and Gleick explore the global water
crises which many people in the developed world do not know that it exists. In this case,
there are 1.2 billion people most of them in low-income countries, who cannot access
clean water. In this instance, the author alludes that the lack of safe water has led to over
5 million deaths in a year due to water contamination. The publication is relevant since it
explored data on deaths that are linked to contaminated water and the amount of money
that is spent on water and sanitation to try and establish why the gap exists. Hence, it can
of great use to countries that want to address the issue of water usage.
Benini, L., et al. “Assessment of Water Resources Availability and Groundwater Salinization in
Future Climate and Land-use Change Scenarios: A Case Study from a Coastal Drainage
Basin in Italy.” Water Resources Management, vol. 30, no. 2, 2015, pp. 731-745. This
publication looks into the availability of water resources through the use of scientific
assessment. As well, the article looks at the threat that is posed by the salinization of
groundwater. The authors assert that in the current setting, climate change and poor land
use are the leading causes of the scarcity of water that is being experienced. The article
has relevance since it used scientific methods in the process of looking into issues to do
with water scarcity. So, it will be of great use in water conservation especially in the arid
areas which have to rely on groundwater sources.
Hodgson, Brock, et al. “Impact of Water Conservation and Reuse on Water Systems and
Receiving Water Body Quality.” Environmental Engineering Science, vol. 35,
no. 6, 2018, pp. 545-559. The article looks into the impact that is created by different
practices that are aimed at conserving water through the reduction of demand. The
authors assert that while the conservation of water is a great thing to undertake, there is a
need to look into the impact that is created on the quality of water. This is especially the
case when the conservation efforts are carried out in the dry season. The article is unique
since it explores the downsides that are associated with the conservation of water, a topic
that is rarely talked about. Hence, it can be used to find ways that can be used to ensure
that water conservation activities are not counterproductive.
Shaking salt from water Locations and Facts; Desalination’s a popular choice to solve our woes
for now, but might prove costly.”
Cape Argus [South Africa], 31 Oct. 2017, p. 8. Gale In Context: Global Issues,
d34 The article looks into the manner that desalination is being used to solve the water
crisis in the city of Cape Town in South Africa. The author asserts that even though the
process is taken to be the go-to solution for many instances of water shortage it is very
expensive and in some cases, it can emerge to be a logistical nightmare. The article is
relevant since it explores the issues that are associated with the water shortage in the
modern setting. Thus, it can be used as a guide for the countries that are looking at
adopting desalinization as the solution to water shortage.
The Economist. “The World’s Most Valuable Stuff.” The Economist, 20 May 2010,
www.economist.com/leaders/2010/05/20/the-worlds-most-valuable-stuff. This article
looks at the consequences that are associated with the increasing demand for water. In
this case, the world population is increasing at a high rate and this puts pressure on the
available water resources. Hence, there should the exploration of the different methods
that can be used to conserve water. The article is relevant since it explores a solution that
can be used in the process of dealing with water shortage. Therefore, it can be used in the
regions that are facing the aforementioned issue.
The Times. “Will Water Become More Valuable Than Oil?” The Times & The Sunday Times,
22 Sept. 2018, www.thetimes.co.uk/static/will-water-become-valuable-oil/. The author
looks into the value of water in comparison with oil. In this case, the article asserts that in
the future, water will be priced at a higher rate as compared to oil given the increasing
demand. As well, unlike oil, water has no substitute. This article is relevant since it
highlights the value of water which, in many cases, is taken for granted. Thus, the article
can be used as a wakeup call to address the issue of water shortage before it gets out of
Is the World’s Water Supply Running Out?
Whenever you open a water bottle, take time to ponder on the question, where did this
water come from? There are various sources of water used for daily consumption and
manufacturing of everyday drinks such as Coca-Cola. These sources include rainwater and
treated seawater. The reason for the use of multiple sources of water is because there is a scarcity
in the freshwater supply. Despite the earth being covered by water to an extent of 70%, most of
the water is unfit for human consumption. Only about 3% of the world water supply is fit for
human consumption which places it under immense pressure from human needs as well as rising
temperatures resulting from climate change. With increasing human population and water supply
still at a constant and in many instances dwindling, there is a need to analyze and adequately find
out if the sources of water supply in the world are enough to sustain humanity.
Water is one of the most renewable sources on earth. To begin with, water from surface
runoff ends up in water bodies. This water is recycled back to the highland areas through the
evaporation process. Water vapor, water bodies, rivers, and other water flow features, glaciers
and underground water bodies are all ways through which earth is able to store water in one form
or another. Despite the huge volume of water that is available on earth, even freshwater, the
sources seem to be dwindling. As such, there is a need to find out where the water is going to.
Agriculture is one of the highest consumers of water. Agriculture uses nearly 70% of the
freshwater available around the world. For example, to produce one cup of coffee requires about
130 liters of freshwater. This is also the same case for cotton clothes. A pair of jeans is estimated
to use cotton grown using nearly 10,000 liters of freshwater (Harvey). As such, countries that
grow these water-intensive crops are basically exporting water in different forms to other
countries. Another industry that uses lots of freshwaters is the processing industry. What happens
to other human needs?
The world has a population of over 7 billion people and this is expected to grow. Of these
people, about 1 billion people are estimated to be living in seriously water-scarce areas (Taylor).
To add on, a further 3.5 billion people are projected to live in water-scarce areas by the year
2025. With such statistics, we can conclude that nearly half of the world’s human population is at
great risk of suffering from serious water shortage. This has caused great anxiety in various parts
of the world.
Water scarcity effects are already being felt in various parts of the world. For instance, in
South Africa, there is lots of speculation on the day dubbed Cape Town’s Day Zero. Day Zero is
basically the day that taps are estimated to run dry in the city of Cape Town (Wainwright). In the
African country of Mozambique, its capital city – Maputo – is experiencing a serious water
shortage that had received little attention. This is despite the capital being home to about 1.2
million people with thousands more streaming due to urbanization. Currently, it is estimated that
over 800 million people are struggling to access water which is a basic necessity for the survival
of human beings. Many of these people have to make trips that last anywhere from half-an-hour
to multiple hours just to get fresh water.
The world freshwater sources are renewable but the current rate of replenishing is far
much less than the rate of use. As such, there is a need to look at what can be done. There are
several strategies that have been proposed at the individual and community levels. To begin with
the individual, there has been increased calls for people to exercise responsible use of water
resources. This basically looks at activities such as turning off the tap after use, practicing water
harvesting, and water-friendly agricultural practices such as mulching. There are many more tips
that have been proposed. At the community level, the strategies to conserve water include
policies that promote more efficient water use such as only allowing the sale of clothes washers
that are energy efficient. Other community efforts include reporting of leakages to the relevant
authorities in time.
In conclusion, there is a need to further elaborate on this topic for better analysis and
understanding of the water situation in the world. Through an analysis of this topic,
policymakers, various stakeholders in the water industry such as processors and packagers,
scientists, and interested individuals can gain insight into the current situation of water shortage,
what is being done, and what can be done in the future. Water is an important resource for the
survival of human beings. For the people that have water in plenty, this fact may not be apparent
as it is for the people facing a harsh reality without water. Therefore, the next time you use water
in an overly excessive manner, ask yourself, where did this water come from?
Harvey, Fiona. Are we running out of water? The Guardian. 2018. Web. Retrieved from
Taylor, Rohese. Issue of the week: Global water shortages. Nesquest Media Group Ltd. 2019.
Wainwright, Tim. South Africa: Why you should care about the water crisis. AllAfrica Global
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