Environmental Conditions & Climate Change Problem Solution Argument Powerpoint convert this paper to a presentation no minimum slides just make sure you incload every poing 1
Name : Sultan Alshahrani
Problem Solution Argument Essay
Climate Change Problem Solution Argument
Climate change refers to the changes that occur in the environmental conditions. Climate
change is due to internal and external factors. These changes in climate are impacting our
livelyhood either emotionally, physically and psychologically. Climate change can be seasonal
changes for an extended period of time on earth. These climatical patterns play a vital role in
determining human economies, natural ecosystems and also cultures. Various species of animals
and plants have become extinct as a result of climatic changes. The change in climate started
long ago as a result of human activities, but it is only in the last century that many people have
come to learn about it. Globally, people are acting in many ways to stop change in climate, for
instance, scientists have predicted that continuous warming of the oceans and melting of glaciers
as a result of global warming and change in climate will cause sea levels to rise. My interest in
this topic is because climate change is becoming a serious problem that is affecting every nation,
and it is interesting to discuss ways of fixing the problem. This problem-solution argumentative
essay seeks to discuss climate change problems and ways of resolving the problem using
organizational strategies like cost/benefit, steps, or comparison/contrast.
Human activities and natural causes are the key climate change causes. Natural causes
that have influenced climate are ocean currents, volcanic eruptions, and solar variations
(Edenhofer, Ottmar). Volcano eruption leads to cooling of the earth, but an eruption takes out
amounts of sulphur dioxide, dust, vapor, and ash into the atmosphere. Sulphur dioxide reaches
higher levels at the atmosphere and dust particles block sun rays from the sun causing the earth
to cool. Ocean current is another natural cause that affects climate change. The ocean covers
71% of the earth and absorbs much radiation from the sun. The change in ocean circulation will
affect carbon dioxide movement in the atmosphere which leads to global warming.
Human activities lead to climate change. Since the 19th century, industrialization has
caused large use of fossil fuel for industrial activities. The combustion of fossil fuels is the key
contributor to large emission carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. As a result of urbanization, many
people have moved to cities to look for jobs, which caused the clearing of the vegetation to build
more houses and factories. The use of natural resources for transport, construction, and industries
has added to the rise of nitrogen oxide and methane in the atmosphere. The use of agriculture has
also contributed to climate change, especially the use of fertilizers, which causes the release of
Climate change has some adverse effects on human health. Evidence has shown that
climate change leads to certain human diseases like allergic asthma. Changes in atmospheric
concentration with harmful gases and the presence of particles have led to various diseases
involving respiratory and cardiac systems (Louis, Kendra Pierre). Also, climate change affects
biodiversity which is vital for animals and plants (Pecl, Gretta). Changes in climate has caused
loss of biodiversity; for instance, water sources may diminish. The ocean ecosystem would be
harmed by rising of temperatures and acidity in the ocean, affecting sea or water ecosystems.
The damage of climate change is daunting and heartbreaking. The question to ask
ourselves is, what can be done to reverse or slow climate change? Many ecologists have
suggested ways of attaining the goal of curbing climatic charges. Some of the ways have their
challenges, but they are feasible, and they could lead to the reduction of greenhouse gas
emissions to withstandable or safer levels. Individually, some lifestyle changes can be adopted
that can assist in reduction of the impact of carbon. One of the solutions for climate change is
foregoing fossil fuels. Elimination of coal, natural gas, and oil burning is a daunting task as many
countries depend on it in their daily activities. Oil is a major product in the economy and vital for
the transportation of goods worldwide. Coal is a necessary product for the production of
electricity worldwide, and its use is most likely to grow according to the International Energy
Agency. The only way of reducing fossil fuels is by finding out and using its alternative like
Another solution to climate change is minimizing the use of gasoline by people moving
closer to their workplace to reduce the use of their private means of transport. Transportation is
the second-largest cause of greenhouse gases. Using mass transit, switching to cycling or
walking can be a good alternative. Also, a country can adopt other kinds of human energy like
the use of electric cars. Reducing long-distance travel can also be a solution to climate change.
Airplane flights are the worst emitters of greenhouse gases in the worst spot in the atmosphere.
There are other solutions to climate change like being efficient, consuming less of the products
made of fossil fuels and being efficient.
Addressing climate change is not an easy task, and it can pose many challenges. Coupled
with informal housing and land development, vulnerable population, infrastructure limitations
and poverty, the challenge of resolving climate change becomes overwhelming (THE
SCIENTIFIC FUNDAMENTALS OF CLIMATE CHANGE). Organization strategies like
cost/benefit can be utilized when planning for climate change. Cost-Benefit Analysis,(CBA) was
introduced by Jules Dupuit an engineer in French. It was an easy strategy of determining the cost
of project and its benefits. This technique can be used in evaluation of a new project. When
planning for climate change solutions especially in urban centers, CBA can be utilized to
determine the cost of the project and the benefits that will be derived. The feasibility assessment
will help us in determining city plans to tackle the menace of climate change, where climate
change is necessary regarding the priorities of the city (Araos, Malcolm, pg 375-382). Also, the
feasibility will determine the plans that are available to address the issue.
Climate change planning should be included in existing city plan and other development
activities. Good city planning can assist in climate planning practices since these actions are in
line with the responsibility of the planners (Planning for Climate Change). Some of the
responsibilities of city planners that are in line with climate change are improvement of
infrastructure for waste management that causes negative effects on climate change. Protection
of ecosystems and sensitive areas that are around towns and supporting economic development
to improve the quality of life to avoid more damage to natural resources are other city planners’
responsibility. A cost-benefit analysis will determine the costs that will be incurred in city
planning and the benefits that will be derived.
Climate change action plan will incorporate some strategies or priorities. The first
strategy is supporting policies that enable economic transformation that will be enabled by
stronger institutional capacity that will redirect the flow of investment including private and
public capital, in prevention of global warming.
Another step or strategy of implementing solution to climate change is leveraging
resources to enable meeting global climate change objectives. This step will require both private
and public sector financing and investment. The next step is scaling up climate action to
encourage development and transformation of new climate solutions. The last step in planning
for climate change is aligning internal processes and working with other stakeholders. The
challenge of climate change can only be solved through partnership and collective planning. This
action plan will engage various stakeholders in sharing knowledge and solutions and align other
processes that will support the partners in implementation.
The audience who will participate in the solution for climate change are private and
public sector businesses, ecologists, city planners in both developed and developing countries
who know about climate change, and have a desire to address it. Other participants are
government planners like civil engineers, environmental specialists, economic development
specialists, city planners, and urban planners. Other people who can participate in the solution
are civil society groups, elected officials, donor agencies and private sector organizations. Other
people who can participate in the implementation of climate change solutions are academics
working in environmental and climate change sectors.
Climate change has been the great concern of every country’s leadership because of its
adverse effects on human beings and biodiversity. The causes of climate change can be classified
as man-made and natural. Human activities are the major contributors of climate change.
Deforestation, fossil fuel, different types of pollution and industrial waste are the core human
activities causing climate change. Organization strategies like cost/benefit can be utilized when
planning for climate change. The climate change action plan incorporates various strategies or
priorities for implementation of climate change solutions. To achieve success in climate change
advocacy, different audiences should participate in an action plan.
Araos, Malcolm, et al. “Climate change adaptation planning in large cities: A systematic global
assessment.” Environmental Science & Policy 66 (2016): 375-382.
Edenhofer, Ottmar, ed. Climate change 2014: mitigation of climate change. Vol. 3. Cambridge
University Press, 2015.
Louis, Kendra Pierre. Climate Change Poses Threats to Children’s Health Worldwide. Nov.
Pecl, Gretta T., et al. “Biodiversity redistribution under climate change: Impacts on ecosystems
and human well-being.” Science 355.6332 (2017): eaai9214.
Planning for Climate Change: A Strategic, Values-Based Approach for Urban Planners.
THE SCIENTIFIC FUNDAMENTALS OF CLIMATE CHANGE. 2013,
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